Position the patient correctly, protect him from the weather conditions and alert others as fast as possible. Find out the correct location by means of the co-ordinates. Should you have to leave the injured person, bring him in a lateral position if you reckon with a shock. Mark the location of the injured person in order to make it easier to find him from the air.
In case of injuries like sprains of a foot or a knee, you should elevate and cool the injured limb. You may have to rest the painful part of the body. In the event of an injury like a bruise you will have to act in the same way as described above.
A physician must treat external wounds within 6 hours in order to prevent from wound-healing impairments or even from infections. Because of the risk of small skin wounds we recommend you check if you had a tetanus inoculation during the past five years.
Overstraining injuries, tendovagnitis, pain in the back caused by the rucksack, blisters and the like do not need immediate measures.
Is the cause of the sinking of the blood sugar to a too low level. You recognise this if there is a lack of concentration, you start to stumble and tremble, you feel a general weakness you have cold sweat, you feel not well, etc. Stop immediately, eat glucose, sweets, sweet drinks and put on warm clothes. Do not carry on until you are relaxed; then proceed slowly. Continue eating to avoid a relapse.
Could be the cause of an oversupply of concentrated sugar. This can be avoided by a varied nutrition and by a sufficient supply of hypotonic liquid.
Cramps in your legs
Are signs of exhausted muscles. Cramps occur especially if there is a lack of electrolyte; potassium and magnesium are the main substances. Only the substances sodium and chlorine will be supplied to your body if you eat the common salt tablets, which my cause nausea. Due to this the composition of electrolyte plays a key role in your drinks. If you have cramps stretch the muscles passively (your partner should do this), do not stop moving, but move carefully.
As soon as you start feeling them, protect them from further friction and try to prevent them from opening. Open them with a needle.
Can prevent your ankle from spraining, but only if it is applied correctly. The effectiveness of the tape diminishes after 1-2 hours; at this time also your body gets tired.